Upload Image And Create Thumbnail Using PHP

by Hiroshi on June 17, 2008

in File Upload, Image Handling, Scripts, Thumbnail

This php script takes image file creates a thumbhnail and upload it into ‘thumb’ directory and also upload origional image with rename in ‘images’ directory.

Functionality

– Uploads image in the ‘images; directory and renames it
– Uploads thumbnail in ‘thumbs’ directory and renames it with thumb_filename
– Determine thumbnail max width and height
– Keeps aspect ratio of thumbnail size
– Allows jpg, jpeg and png image files
– Determines Max File Size allowed
– Displays thumbnail after uploading

Form Code

<form name="newad" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" action="">
<table>
<tr><td><input type="file" name="image" ></td></tr>
<tr><td><input name="Submit" type="submit" value="Upload image"></td></tr>
</table>
</form>

PHP Code

<?php
//define a maxim size for the uploaded images
define ("MAX_SIZE","100");
// define the width and height for the thumbnail
// note that theese dimmensions are considered the maximum dimmension and are not fixed,
// because we have to keep the image ratio intact or it will be deformed
define ("WIDTH","150");
define ("HEIGHT","100");
 
// this is the function that will create the thumbnail image from the uploaded image
// the resize will be done considering the width and height defined, but without deforming the image
function make_thumb($img_name,$filename,$new_w,$new_h)
{
//get image extension.
$ext=getExtension($img_name);
//creates the new image using the appropriate function from gd library
if(!strcmp("jpg",$ext) || !strcmp("jpeg",$ext))
$src_img=imagecreatefromjpeg($img_name);
 
if(!strcmp("png",$ext))
$src_img=imagecreatefrompng($img_name);
 
//gets the dimmensions of the image
$old_x=imageSX($src_img);
$old_y=imageSY($src_img);
 
// next we will calculate the new dimmensions for the thumbnail image
// the next steps will be taken:
// 1. calculate the ratio by dividing the old dimmensions with the new ones
// 2. if the ratio for the width is higher, the width will remain the one define in WIDTH variable
// and the height will be calculated so the image ratio will not change
// 3. otherwise we will use the height ratio for the image
// as a result, only one of the dimmensions will be from the fixed ones
$ratio1=$old_x/$new_w;
$ratio2=$old_y/$new_h;
if($ratio1>$ratio2) {
$thumb_w=$new_w;
$thumb_h=$old_y/$ratio1;
}
else {
$thumb_h=$new_h;
$thumb_w=$old_x/$ratio2;
}
 
// we create a new image with the new dimmensions
$dst_img=ImageCreateTrueColor($thumb_w,$thumb_h);
 
// resize the big image to the new created one
imagecopyresampled($dst_img,$src_img,0,0,0,0,$thumb_w,$thumb_h,$old_x,$old_y);
 
// output the created image to the file. Now we will have the thumbnail into the file named by $filename
if(!strcmp("png",$ext))
imagepng($dst_img,$filename);
else
imagejpeg($dst_img,$filename);
 
//destroys source and destination images.
imagedestroy($dst_img);
imagedestroy($src_img);
}
 
// This function reads the extension of the file.
// It is used to determine if the file is an image by checking the extension.
function getExtension($str) {
$i = strrpos($str,".");
if (!$i) { return ""; }
$l = strlen($str) - $i;
$ext = substr($str,$i+1,$l);
return $ext;
}
 
// This variable is used as a flag. The value is initialized with 0 (meaning no error found)
//and it will be changed to 1 if an errro occures. If the error occures the file will not be uploaded.
$errors=0;
// checks if the form has been submitted
if(isset($_POST['Submit']))
{
//reads the name of the file the user submitted for uploading
$image=$_FILES['image']['name'];
// if it is not empty
if ($image)
{
// get the original name of the file from the clients machine
$filename = stripslashes($_FILES['image']['name']);
 
// get the extension of the file in a lower case format
$extension = getExtension($filename);
$extension = strtolower($extension);
// if it is not a known extension, we will suppose it is an error, print an error message
//and will not upload the file, otherwise we continue
if (($extension != "jpg") && ($extension != "jpeg") && ($extension != "png"))
{
echo '<h1>Unknown extension!</h1>';
$errors=1;
}
else
{
// get the size of the image in bytes
// $_FILES[\'image\'][\'tmp_name\'] is the temporary filename of the file in which the uploaded file was stored on the server
$size=getimagesize($_FILES['image']['tmp_name']);
$sizekb=filesize($_FILES['image']['tmp_name']);
 
//compare the size with the maxim size we defined and print error if bigger
if ($sizekb > MAX_SIZE*1024)
{
echo '<h1>You have exceeded the size limit!</h1>';
$errors=1;
}
 
//we will give an unique name, for example the time in unix time format
$image_name=time().'.'.$extension;
//the new name will be containing the full path where will be stored (images folder)
$newname="images/".$image_name;
$copied = copy($_FILES['image']['tmp_name'], $newname);
//we verify if the image has been uploaded, and print error instead
if (!$copied)
{
echo '<h1>Copy unsuccessfull!</h1>';
$errors=1;
}
else
{
// the new thumbnail image will be placed in images/thumbs/ folder
$thumb_name='images/thumbs/thumb_'.$image_name;
// call the function that will create the thumbnail. The function will get as parameters
//the image name, the thumbnail name and the width and height desired for the thumbnail
$thumb=make_thumb($newname,$thumb_name,WIDTH,HEIGHT);
}} }}
//If no errors registred, print the success message and show the thumbnail image created
if(isset($_POST['Submit']) && !$errors)
{
echo "<h1>Thumbnail created Successfully!</h1>";
echo '<img src="'.$thumb_name.'">';
}
?>

Precautions

  • CHMOD ‘images’ and ‘thumbs’ folders to 777 if it is at online server
  • Use enctype=”multipart/form-data” in form tag

Upload Image Create and Show Thumbnail Script Download

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